Analysis of Global Urban Patterns


Currently, the world's population that resides within the urban areas is estimated to be around 54% due to the high growth of technology within the mega cities. The proportion of the population that resides in the urban region is expected to rise to 66% by 2050

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Urban Growth Patterns

Today, the world has become more urbanized as compared to the past due to the larger population residing in the urban regions. By 2014, 3.9 billion people migrated to the urban cities as compared to the 1950s where only 746 million inhabitants resided within the urban regions (Mohareb, 2016). It is projected that by 2050, around 66% of the people will reside in the mega cities that are developed in the urban regions.

By 2030, the world is expected to have more than 41 mega cities which will accommodate above 10 billion residents. Tokyo city is renowned for its high rank of the world's population, and it is estimated to be the world's largest city by 2030 while New York and Osaka are expected to take 14 and 13 positions respectively (Ramachandra, Bharath, Sowmyashree, 2013). Additionally, as the world continues to urbanize, it is expected that sustainable development challenges will be experienced by the middle-income countries.

During the earlier periods of time, such cities as Manchester, Leeds, and Birmingham became urbanized as a result of the Industrial Revolution in England. Additionally, cities like Paris, Tokyo, New York, and Shanghai were also urban. Currently, the most urbanized part is North America where 82% of people live in the cities. Other areas include the Caribbean and Latin America which consist of 80% of urban dwellers. The last area is Europe which comprises of 73% of urban population. All these regions are expected to urbanize further by 2050.

The growth rate of the world's population has varied over time due to certain changes in the world. Cities which are located in countries of Europe and Asia were once known to be the world's most urban areas during the early periods. However, as time passed on, these cities have experienced a decline in their population over the years. In the past, Africa was rated to have the lowest number of urban dwellers but due to the high technology, geographical mobility, and employment in the metropolitan cities, people moved to the towns in search of job opportunities and technological inventions.

Due to the social and economic transformation associated with the urbanization process, the number of people moving to the urban regions in certain parts of the world increased. Parts of Africa and Asia witnessed a rise in their urban population which is expected to increase further due to the growth of urbanization by 2050 with a percentage of 56 and 54 respectively (Seto, Fragkias, G?neralp, Reilly, 2011). The upsurge is explained by the medium-sized capitals within Asia and Africa which comprise of from half a million to a million residents.

The world's largest cities have grown larger over time due to the high level of urbanization. Tokyo is classified to be the world's biggest metropolitan with a population of 38 million people currently. Nevertheless, it is likely to remain the world's largest city with a population of 42 million people by 2030 (Turgot, 2010). Delhi follows closely with a population of 25 million residents ,and it is estimated that by 2030 it will host a maximum of 36 million inhabitants. In the past, the world's biggest cities were located in more developed regions, but it has changed currently whereby big metropolises are located in the global south.

In conclusion, the people that reside within the urban areas now are estimated to be around 54% of the world's population as compared to the earlier period where only 30% of the people dwelled in the urban regions. In 2030, the population is expected to rise in the urban areas with Tokyo being the largest city in the world. During the earlier periods, cities such as Paris and New York were the biggest cities due to the more rapid technological development. However, cities in South America have become the world's largest cities currently. Africa and Asia have continued to have a rise in their urban population due to economic transformation and the high level of technological development. Finally, urbanization has led to the growth of the major cities especially in the south region of the world, and these cities are expected to develop at a higher rate by 2050.

About the author: Kira Duglass is a master in Literature at Ohio University. She is currently working as one of the best writers at business letter writing services She also studies male psychology.

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